Long-Term Care Insurance continues to be an outstanding option for American families to safeguard income and assets in addition to reducing future stress and burdens otherwise placed on their family members.
Another benefit to investing in Long-Term Care Insurance is to pay for in-home care services. In-home care is a professional non-medical caregiving service that allows seniors to age in the comfort of their own homes, prolong their active lifestyles and preserve their health for as long as safely possible.
Studies over the last decade show that nearly half of Americans who reach 65 will need some form of assistance to take care of themselves. Once a person gets past age 40, they start seeing changes in their health. Their bodies begin to change. At older ages, we start seeing a decline in our cognitive skills as well.
With so many people needing long-term care services and supports, you can understand why the federal government, and many states, offer tax incentives to help you purchase a qualified Long-Term Care Insurance policy.
Yet not everyone is aware there are tax advantages available when you own a qualified Long-Term Care Insurance policy. Federal tax advantages exist, and some state tax advantages are available, making these policies even more affordable to own.
2021 IRS Tax Deductibility Amounts Available
As a way to encourage more people to plan for the financial costs and burdens of aging, the federal government has made several tax benefits available. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) announced its annual inflation adjustments for the tax year 2021 for taxpayers eligible to deduct the cost of qualified Long-Term Care Insurance policies. These numbers also apply to the eligible amount of an LTC Insurance premium reimbursable by Health Savings Accounts or an employer-funded Health Reimbursement Account (HRA).
Long-Term Care Insurance has attractive tax treatment under IRC 7702(b). Premiums can be tax deductible if you have enough medical related deductions, you are self-employed or own an LLC, S-Corporation, or C-Corporation.
Individual taxpayers are allowed to deduct the cost of their policy (and that of a spouse) as part of their medical expense tax deduction. Medical expenses that exceed 7.5 percent of adjusted gross income are eligible. Legislation has made the 7.5% AGI limit permanent. The new Consolidated Appropriations Act for 2021 (H.R. 133), signed into law on December 27, 2020, permanently set the medical expense deduction floor at 7.5% for all taxpayers. unless you qualify as a business deduction.
Tax Incentives for Self-Employed and Businesses Available
Those who are self-employed (file a schedule C) or own an LLC, S-Corporation, or C-Corporation have more extensive deductions. This also applies to eligible spouses.
C-Corporations can deduct 100% of the premium. Otherwise, the IRS publishes a chart each year that shows the amount deductible based on age.
This chart will apply to all other corporations, self-employed individuals, and individual taxpayers as part of their eligible medical expenses.
If you own a business and have employees, you do not have to offer this benefit to anyone other than yourself, unlike other insurance benefits. However, you can elect to offer Long-Term Care Insurance to certain individual employees as a “golden parachute” benefit.
The IRS has Increased These Amounts for 2021
|Age at end of 2021||2021 Limit||2020 Limit||2019 Limit||2018 Limit|
|40 or less||$450||$430||$420||$420|
|41 - 50||$850||$810||$790||$780|
|51 - 60||$1,690||$1,630||1,580||$1,560|
|61 - 70||$4,520||$4,350||$4,220||$4,160|
|More than 70||$5,640||$5,430||$5,270||$5,200|
Benefits Generally Tax-Free
Tax-Qualified Long-Term Care Insurance benefits are generally tax-free. However, some policies pay a cash amount or indemnity once you qualify for benefits. The tax-free maximum allowable amount for 2020 is $400 a day, or the actual cost of care, whichever is higher.
Review additional details on the tax status of benefits received from qualified Long-Term Care Insurance by clicking here.
Health Savings Accounts
Many employers are offering Health Savings Accounts as a way to lower the cost of health insurance. Many people are unaware that the pre-tax money in a Health Savings Account can be used to pay for qualified Long-Term Care Insurance premiums.
The amount that is reimbursable through your HSA is based on the IRS chart depending on your age.
The IRS also announced new, higher HSA contribution limits for 2021. You can contribute $3,600 for individual coverage for 2021, up from $3,550 for 2020, or $7,200 for family coverage, up from $7,100 for 2020.
Employer HSA contributions are not treated as taxable income but do count toward employees' annual contribution limit.
What Happens After Age 65?
Once you turn age 65, you can use the funds in the HSA in any way you wish. While you are no longer required to use the HSA funds only for qualified health care expenses and Long-Term Care Insurance premiums, many people will often continue to do so since the money comes out tax-free.
Plus, you get to use the pre-tax money in the account to also pay for your Medicare Supplement.
Some Hybrid Policies Have Additional Tax Advantages
Other types of policies exist which have more limited tax advantages, including asset-based or "hybrid" policies. These plans are life insurance policies or annuities with riders for long-term care. In addition to the long-term care benefit, there is a death benefit.
Since these plans follow federal tax guidelines (IRC 7702(b), a portion of the premium dedicated to long-term care may be deductible. The benefits from hybrid policies, like traditional Long-Term Care Insurance, come tax-free.
However, life insurance policies which have a chronic illness rider (IRC 101(g), just accelerate the death benefit when a person meets the benefit trigger.
IRC Section 101(g) riders will sometimes provide accelerated death benefits upon either terminal illness or chronic illness. In some cases, they require a chronic illness to be terminal or with zero chance of recovery. Some of these policies also exclude benefits for cognitive supervision. These plans would not be eligible for tax deductions.
Limited duration, or short-term plans, which provide a one or two-year long-term care benefit, also are not generally deductible. Still, their benefits remain tax-free based on actual expenses being incurred.
Always consult a professional tax advisor to review your specific situation.
Rate Stabilization Rules for Today's LTC Insurance
Today's Long-Term Care Insurance is not only affordable but is rate stable. Rate stabilization rules are in place in most states. Find your state by clicking here.
Today's policies are priced based on the extreme low-interest-rate environment that adds additional rate stability. The chance of future premium increases in the future is small – read the article by clicking here.
Without Long-Term Care Insurance, you will pay for future long-term health care from income and savings, or your family will become caregivers. In some situations, you may have both paid care and family caregivers. Neither option is ideal, and the consequences on family and finances can be enormous.
Affordable Long-Term Care Insurance safeguards your retirement accounts (401(k) IRA SEP) and other assets as it reduces the stress otherwise placed on your family members.
Cost of Long-Term Health Care Depends on Where You Live
The cost of long-term health care is very expensive but varies depending on the type of care and where you live. You can find the current and estimated future cost of care by using the LTC NEWS Cost of Care Calculator by clicking here.
The best time to obtain coverage is well before your retirement, ideally in your 40s or 50s, to take advantage of low premiums and the most affordable options.
Since there are many options and types of available plans, you should seek a qualified Long-Term Care Insurance specialist to help you navigate these options and help you find the best coverage at the best value.
You can find a trusted and experienced LTC Insurance specialist by clicking here.
About the Author
An LTC News author focusing on long-term care and aging.
Contributor since August 21st, 2017
There is a reason why the federal government, and many states, offer tax incentives to help you purchase an affordable Long-Term Care Insurance policy.
You can prepare your family and finances for the future costs and burdens that come with aging. Not only will you protect assets, but you will have access to your choice of quality care, including in-home care. Your loved ones will have the time to be family instead of being caregivers.
Available Research Tools on LTC NEWS
LTC NEWS offers many resources to help families address the consequences of long-term care, aging, health, caregiving, and other retirement issues. The ideal time to start your research is when you are in your 40s or 50s when premiums are lower, and your health is generally much better.
Find all the resources on LTC NEWS - Resources for Long-Term Care Planning | LTC News.
Items to Discuss with a Qualified LTC Insurance Specialist
Be sure to seek the help of a qualified and trusted Long-Term Care Insurance specialist who represents the top companies. It is important to ask lots of questions - it is also essential that the specialist asks you many questions. Be sure these topics are discussed:
- Partnership: Most states offer special policies that provide dollar-for-dollar asset protection. The Long-Term Care Insurance Partnership Program might be one of the best-kept secrets in retirement planning. Make sure the specialist explains this program and how it might help you.
- Tax incentives: There are federal tax incentives available for some people. If you own your own business, be sure to ask.
- Health Savings Accounts: If you have an HSA you can use the pre-tax money in your account to pay for the premium.
- Asset-Based or Hybrid policies: These are life insurance or annuities with a rider for long-term care. Careful, only a handful are actually a long-term care benefit. However, one of these policies can provide you with the flexibility of both a long-term care benefit or a death benefit. They are expensive but can be paid with a single premium.
- Health and Family History: Make sure the specialist asks you detailed questions about your health, family history, and retirement plans. Underwriting criteria vary with each insurance company. If they are not asking you detailed questions, then find another specialist.
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Just write a story or ongoing column for LTC NEWS. Stay on topic with articles on health, aging, caregiving, retirement planning, long-term care, and other topics that interest adults over age 40.
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If most of your assets are tied up in your home, today's reverse mortgages might help as the solution for either funding Long-Term Care Insurance or paying for care - Reverse Mortgages | LTC News.
Need Care Now? Need Help with LTC Insurance Claims?
You might have a parent or other family member who needs care now. If they have a Long-Term Care Insurance policy, be sure they use it. Get free assistance in making a claim.
LTC NEWS provides free assistance with no obligation - Filing a Long-Term Care Insurance Claim | LTC News. You can also help find caregivers and get recommendations for a proper care plan, whether a person has a policy or not.
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