How to Find Out if Your Land Has Oil and Gas

Oil and gas production can be a lucrative business venture. However, before producing oil and gas, you must know if your land has any of these resources.

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How to Find Out if Your Land Has Oil and Gas
4 Min Read November 15th, 2022

Oil and gas production can be a lucrative business venture. However, before producing oil and gas, you must know if your land has any of these resources. We will discuss how to find out if your land has oil and gas. We will also discuss the drilling process for oil and gas and what you can expect if you decide to pursue this type of investment.

How to Find Out if There is Oil and Gas In Your Land

Consult a Geophysicist

A geophysicist is an expert in identifying mineral deposits resulting from the compression of various materials caused by the earth’s movement. They perform a seismic survey on land using sophisticated technology and advanced equipment that sends shock waves below the earth’s surface and can advise you on how to find oil on your land.

This advanced equipment collects data that lets them know whether or not there is oil in your land and if the amount of oil discovered, if any, is sufficient to require drilling. Consulting a geophysicist is essential because it will save you unnecessary costs and time that would otherwise be invested in the mining process, only to discover that it is not worth it.


Conduct Oil Assessment 

To find out if your land has oil, you can hire a professional to conduct an oil and gas assessment. This assessment will involve drilling a few test wells on your property to see if any oil or gas is present. If there is oil or gas present, the professional will also determine how much of these resources are available and how much it would cost to extract them.

You must obtain a state government permit if you decide to drill for oil and gas on your property. You will also need to hire a Drilling Contractor to conduct the drilling operation. The contractor will be responsible for drilling the wells, installing the production equipment, and the day-to-day operations of the well site.

By Observation

Another way to find out if oil and gas are on your land is by seeing it on the surface in plain sight. This is an unorthodox way of finding oil before drilling into your ground. It is also a much cheaper method of land survey. In this case, if you live in an area with plenty of oil, there is a high chance that your land contains oil too.

For instance, the following states are considered the top oil-producing states in the United States. They include; Texas, which produces about 1.6 billion barrels of oil; North Dakota, with approximately 461.5 million barrels, New Mexico, with approximately 248.9 million barrels; and so forth. The U.S Energy Information Administration lists all these countries.

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Some rocks, such as Sandstone, Carbonates, coals, and Shale, are significant indicators of oil presence in a piece of land. Carbonates like limestone (particularly ones with the coarse grain) are known to be rich sources of oil and gas. However, all this information can be obtained by mineral experts such as geologists can get all this information.

Oil well

Magnetotellurics Method

This method is used to search for underground minerals utilizing the earth’s electromagnetic field. The difference in rock formations is usually the sole indicator of the presence of oil and other land minerals.

This method is relatively cheaper than conducting a seismic survey. It also saves a lot of time since it can detect any oil or gas sitting beneath your land’s surface, the stratigraphic layer.

What to Do When You Find Oil in Your Land

Finding oil, or any mineral for that matter, in your land may be a tricky situation to be in, especially if you need more information on how to go about it. The presence of this liquid gold in your land may be an advantage or a disadvantage to you, depending on whether you have the right to it.

The following is a guide on how to handle the oil you may have discovered on your land.

Oil well

Mineral Rights

First, you have all the property that pertains to a piece of land if it is yours. However, the case is different for oil and other minerals since, apart from your property rights, you also need mineral rights.

In the United States, you are entitled to all the minerals on your land unless they have been reserved for the government before owning that land. In other countries, however, this is not the case since the government is considered to have sole ownership of any mineral rights.

For this reason, it is recommended that you research and find out if the previous land owner had sold the mineral rights before you gained ownership. You can carry out the research in respective and official County Office records.

4 oil wells

If you are sure that you own the mineral rights, you now have complete ownership of the oil and gas you have now discovered. You can opt to sell the mineral rights if you have inadequate funds to drill the oil or wait until you are ready to mine the oil.

Final Thoughts

Do your due diligence. If you are interested in pursuing an oil and gas investment, you must research first. Talk to other landowners who have gone through this process and consult with professionals who can help you make an informed decision.

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